the most popular and well-known technique in throat singing. It is usually in the middle range frequency and can have two or more notes being produced at the same time.
Manipulation of the Vowels, lips, cheeks, tongue and mouth size all contribute to the beautiful melodies being produced.
Khӧӧmei is reached by the tightening of the diaphragm which helps to filter out certain notes within the note to create splits, this, in turn, creates the distinct sound of two or more notes being sung simultaneously.
Primarily used in nomadic herders to communicate to animals over great distances, this technique is as old as herding began. Khӧӧmei has been used to mimic the sounds of nature, from running water to wind.
the highest frequency of Throat singing involving the same diaphragm pressure used in Khӧӧmei style.
This creates a greater split in the note and therefore a greater emphasis on the higher and lower notes being produced within the note. This technique was used in herding due to incredible distances over a vast open space that the sound can reach.
The sound is produced by the manipulation of vowels and the tongue, the technique involves flipping the tongue upon the roof of the mouth and manipulating the sizes to produce greater overtones.
Kargyraa is the lowest frequency within the Throat singing styles. The note produces drops an entire octave below the note being sung, meaning a much lower frequency is reached. The rumbling/guttering is produced by activating the false chords in the throat, a much more relaxed style then the others, it requires great patience and persistence to master this singing style.
The vibrato in a voice can remain the same, while the frequency of the Kargyraa sound can increase and
decrease, creating a trance-like feel within the singer and listeners.
Throat singing techniques
Borbannadyr is a vibrating sound reminiscent of birds or flowing river, made by the frequent movement of the tongue.
Chylandyk is a simultaneous Sygyt (whistle) and deep rumbling Kargyraa. It has also been described as the "chirping of crickets."
Ezengileer is pulsating style attempting to mimic the rhythms of horseback riding. It is named after the Tuvan word for stirrup, ezengi.